Search their catalogues at the links given below. Discover the history of your family, your Toronto neighbourhood, or places in Ontario and across Canada. Menu For Toronto Public Library site. Account and Sign In Search. Account Sign In. Previous Next. Getting Started This guide had minor revisions in September Additional tips on searching the library website: "Registers" with [place name] e.
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Volumes Agincourt, Ontario: Generation Press, Family History Library book For a limited period of time prior to , clergymen of faiths other than Anglican and Roman Catholic were asked to record marriage information in district marriage registers. Not all clergymen complied.
Microfilms of the available records are at the Family History Library. Marriage bonds were sometimes prepared when the couple were married by license, rather than having banns pronounced in church. An alphabetical index to these records is on Family History Library films Most have been extracted and published in:. Wilson, Thomas B. Marriage Bonds of Ontario Gretna Green marriage places. When a marriage was transacted in a jurisdiction that was not the residence of the parties being married, to avoid restrictions or procedures imposed by the parties' home jurisdiction, that place became a " Gretna Green.
Some Ontarians were married in the United States because requirements were less strict there than in Canada. Names of many who married in the Buffalo, New York, area from to are listed in:. People from Lambton County. Clair County, Michigan. Most marriages took place in Port Huron, Michigan. These marriages are for the period to When an eloping Ontario couple's marriage is not in their home county, search for it in alternate places like: .
Until an Act of the Parliament of Canada was required to obtain a divorce in Ontario. The act s for a divorce often give detailed genealogical information. Copies are available from the Clerk of the Senate. Provide the names of the spouses and the estimated year of divorce and write to:. In , divorce became a matter for the Supreme Court of Ontario. Some Ontarians received divorces in United States jurisdictions, even though such divorces had no legal standing in Canada.
In order to narrow your search, you may wish to consult historic newspapers. Ontario divorce proceedings and decrees were rountinely published in newspapers such as The Globe and Mail and the Toronto Star formerly the Toronto Telegram. Some Ontario libraries also allow online access to ProQuest with a library card number.
Information on those behind this monumental endeavor is available here. The following databases are available online for free at FamilySearch Record Search. The following databases are available online for a fee at Ancestry. The following databases are available online at Rootsweb.
Look first for your ancestor's marriage record in the marriage register for the district or county where he or she lived. Look also for marriages of brothers and sisters, children, and even remarriages of parents, aunts, and uncles. Then look in the marriage registers for neighboring districts or counties. Travelling clergymen may have registered marriages with civil authorities in any district or county along their way.
For an explanation of districts and counties, see the Background section of this article.
Look at all records of churches and clergymen in the area, especially Roman Catholic and Anglican churches, which were not always required to register marriages with district or county authorities. If you find a marriage in the district or county registers, see if you can find it in the church records as well. There may be new information. At certain periods of Ontario's history, only certain denominations were allowed to perform marriages.
Ontario - Library and Archives Canada
In many cases individuals were married by a priest or minister of a religion other than their own. Not all marriages were reported to government authorities. However, there are many records of early Ontario marriages:. Only a few district marriage registers exist before Some of the district marriage registers after and one or two of the county marriage registers have been lost.
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In some cases, the original church records no longer exist. However, much information about your ancestor's family may be found by searching whatever records do exist for that early period in the area where your ancestor lived.
- Birth, Baptism, Marriage and Death Records | Mennonite Archives of Ontario | University of Waterloo.
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First look for marriage records of other family members, such as a spouse, brothers or sisters, parents and children. Civil governments create records of births, marriages, and deaths. Records containing this information are commonly called vital records, because they refer to critical events in a person's life. The practice of recording civil vital statistics developed slowly in Ontario.
Except for some marriages reported by justices of the peace, nearly all of the vital records created before 1 July came from church records. These are very important documents for genealogical research, although the births, marriages, and deaths of many people have never been recorded by civil authorities. Before , only marriages were recorded by civil authorities. Births and deaths in Ontario were not recorded until Although they were designated by , Ontario counties did not always have their own governments.
Early Ontario was divided into a varying number of districts, and each district included several counties.
Birth, Marriage & Death
Most government records were organized on the basis of those districts. Only a few marriages were reported to district authorities between and Many more marriages were recorded in district marriage registers between and By , the counties had become functioning governments in southern Ontario, and marriage registers were kept by counties. Civil authorities requested local clergy to turn in copies of their marriage records to local governments. Copies of these copies were then made and forwarded to district or county authorities.
Those copies were then copied into register books. Therefore, the register books are a copy of a copy of a copy of the original church records. Mistakes could have been made at any step in the process. Major government vital records for Ontario before consist of marriages only. For a description of the types of marriages and what information they contain, see these subsections:.
District marriage registers were created by civil authorities from reports sent to them by many Protestant ministers. If you did not find the needed marriage in the above indexes, search the indexes to the marriage bonds mentioned below. They may help you to identify the district where your ancestor or family members married in Ontario between and Then search the actual registers which are included in Marriage Registers Beginning about , some Protestant ministers were granted legal permission to perform marriages and were requested to report those marriages to district authorities.
As other religious groups were given permission to perform marriages, they also were requested to report those marriages. By , marriages performed by many Protestant groups were being recorded in district marriage registers. The Roman Catholic Church and the Church of England Anglican Church were considered "established" churches, and their marriages were not recorded in district marriage registers.
This table tells you the genealogical information contained in early Ontario district marriage registers.