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Any such summary cannot capture the details and nuances of individuals state laws. Although roughly a third of the states permit health care providers to inform a minor's parents that their child is seeking STI-related services, none require it. Also, the law is fluid, and these summaries may not reflect recent legislative change in a particular state. Every state in the country allows minors to consent to STI testing and care without parental approval, although a number of these set an age threshold for the right to consent without parental involvement. In these states, the minimum age ranges from 12 to 14 years of age.
Kansas | The Center for HIV Law and Policy
As of the date of this posting, thirty-one states allow minors to also consent to HIV testing and treatment without parental approval. Physician has the discretion to report testing and services access to the minor's parents. As minors have explicit right to consent to HIV testing or treatment, parents will have accesss to test results. Unlike testing for most other infectious diseases, testing for HIV involves possible benefits as well as social, economic, and legal consequences that typically are not apparent or known to an individual considering testing.
HIV-related testing is the gateway to health-preserving treatment; it also can be the basis of criminal prosecution for those who are sexually active, or relied on to exclude individuals who test positive for HIV from programs, employment, or insurance. Although state and federal laws prohibit much of this discrimination against people with HIV, the ability to enforce those rights usually depends on access to free legal services, which are increasingly limited and not available at all in roughly half of the states in the United States. Thus, the potential negative consequences of HIV testing at a particular time or location might inform an individual's decision of whether or when to get tested for HIV; or whether to test anonymously or through a "confidential" testing process that reports their test results and identifying information to the state but maintains the confidentiality of those results.
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Although informed consent is a legal concept rather than a medical one, many states use definitions of "informed consent" for purposes of HIV testing and medical procedures that in fact are inconsistent with the accepted legal definition, e. City criminal registries have been around for nearly a century, but statewide versions took off in the s , fueled by crimes against children such as the rape and murder of a 7-year-old in New Jersey by her neighbor.
According to summaries by the KBI and the state association of public defenders, Kansas lawmakers added to their registry again and again. In the late s they added murder, manslaughter and more crimes against minors. In , the system went online.
And over the next several years lawmakers added anyone found in a civil proceeding to be a sexually violent predator, plus juvenile sex offenders and people who used a deadly weapon while committing certain felonies — with or without bodily harm. In , Kansas began requiring people to register in person twice a year.
In that became three times a year and in , four times. During that time, the state also added a slew of drug crimes to the database and then made any attempt to commit those crimes count, too. Penalties for failing to register, meanwhile, went from a misdemeanor in the s to a felony at the end of that decade and a more severe felony seven years later. Public defenders are also concerned that the addition to the registry of felonies with a deadly weapon now accounts for the bulk of violent offenders joining the list.
The search page at the Kansas Bureau of Investigation website allows people to search for people who've been convicted of a variety of crimes. But the Kansas database appears to get plenty of use. Last year it drew 10, visitors a day. Some of the visitors submit crime tips, too, generating upward of tips a month to an email address on the KBI registry site. Two bills in the Legislature this year would leave the system largely intact but scale back the rules for a small percentage of cases. One applies to juveniles — who constitute fewer than entries on the 20,name list.
Brought by Lawrence Democratic Rep. Dennis Highberger, it would decriminalize young teens and preteens who are close in age and engage in non-coercive sexual contact. State Rep. Dennis Highberger wants to reduce the number of juvenile offenders required to comply with criminal registries.
Credit Kansas Legislature. His bill was prompted by the story of a Lawrence middle schooler whose father says he faced charges of aggravated indecent liberties with a child — and long-term registration — for making out with and fondling his girlfriend in an elevator on school grounds.
What is the "Age of Consent" in Kansas?
The two were in the same grade. He was 55 days older than her. The other bill — brought by Sen. Steve Fitzgerald, a Leavenworth Republican vying to replace Rep. Lynn Jenkins in Congress — would likely affect fewer than 20 current registrants. Victims would be allowed to address the court before its decision.
He compared his idea to showing a prisoner some leniency for consistently following rules. Kansas News Service stories and photos may be republished at no cost with proper attribution and a link back to the original story. Members of the Senate Judiciary Committee say Kansans wrongly convicted of crimes deserve to be compensated by the state.
The panel amended and advanced a bill Monday that would do that using more than just cash. Right now, Kansas pays nothing automatically to people imprisoned on botched convictions. People in that situation can use lawsuits to seek payments, but the bill in the legislature would create a system for compensation without a legal fight.
On Wednesday, Utah approved the first white-collar felon public registry in the country. The registry needs final approval from the governor and it would include a recent photo of white-collar offenders, their eye color, hair color, date of birth, height and weight.
Share Tweet Email. Kansas' online criminal offender registry includes too many crimes, some critics say, but others want to keep it as it is. Kansas News Service. Kansas Department of Corrections. Kansas Legislature.
Kansas government. Digital Post.